Information: Zanzibar Archipelago is the name that combines
two Indian Ocean Islands (Unguja or Zanzibar and Pemba) and several
smaller Islands, of Tumbatu, Uzi, Pungume, Kwale and Vundwe Islands.
The name Zanzibar comes from the Arabic word “ Zenj ”
meaning black people and “ barr ” land, which together
makes Zanzibar the land of black people.
Geographical Location: Zanzibar
and Pemba lie between 40 52' and 6 0 31' south of the equator, and
about 40 and 50 km respectively from the coast of Tanzania in the
Indian Ocean. The Archipelago covers about 2640 sq. km in total,
(Zanzibar covers 1660 sq. km and Pemba covers about 980 sq. km).
The Archipelago is surrounded by the coral reefs, beautiful sandy
beaches, natural and unexploited lagoons and mangrove swamps, which
are rich in marine life.
Zanzibar and Pemba are widely flat and low-lying
islands. Pemba is which is hillier and more fertile, is situated
about 50 km north of the Zanzibar (Unguja) Island, and 50km east
of the mainland Tanzania, than Zanzibar.
While in Zanzibar the following are the most visited
places and we advice not to miss them.
The Stone Town: also called Unguja
town the famous in the Island enrich with the historical narrow
streets, Arabic architectural old buildings and heavy wood doors.
The buildings include The Stone Town Cultural Centre (Old Dispensary)
the four story building found near the seafront on Mizingani road.
Originally built as a private residence, but was
used as a dispensary during colonial era. The House of Wonders (Beit
el Ajaib) it is believed to be the first house to have electricity
in East Africa. Several storeys tall surrounded by tiers of pillars
and balconies and topped by a large clock tower.
Dolphin Tour: The Kizimkazi fishing
village in Indian Ocean has depths that accommodated number of dolphins.
The tours allows you to swim and enjoy with dolphins, the village
is also the site of a 12 th Century mosque that shows the evidence
of early visit of Muslim in E.A.
Spice Tour: Take a ride to various
plantations just outside of town and even in the local market to
see and sample the wide range of spices grown on the island.
Tours will give you an in-depth lesson on spices
such as lipstick trees with green leaves but when pressing and squeezing
it turns to red, same applies to the soap fruits. Others include
ginger, cinnamon, black pepper, cloves and nutmeg used mostly in
cosmetics, traditional medicine and cooking.
Jozani Forest: The Jozani Forest
Reserve is located about 35 kilometers southeast of Stone Town.
Like most of western part of Tanzania mainland, Zanzibar is the
home of primates no wild cats.
With its variety of vegetation the forest accommodates
the rare Red colobus monkey, which is endemic to the Island, bush
babies, bush pigs and small buck. Majority of these primates are
social and can be sight at a close range.
The Palace Museum is a large white building that
was formerly the official residence of the Sultan of Zanzibar. The
first Sultan to rule the Island was from Oman (Said Sayyed) within
the house is old unrefined Sultans' furniture and other possessions
that survived the renovation.
The National Museum (Beit el Amani) is a small
building with a lovely garden. It includes sections on slavery,
palaces, mosques, cloves oil, production, traditional crafts and
Prison Island: It is wood boat
trip to one of Zanzibar shore islet. It's a most popular Island
where visitors often go for relaxing. The island has a large number
of giant tortoises and was imported from Seychelles in 19th century.
The prison ruins, coral rag forest trail and also
beautiful peacocks. It has also beautiful coral reef ideal for snorkelling
and lovely white sand for sun bathing.
Nungwi village: It is located
at the northern tip of Zanzibar and has its popularity in fishing
games, sunset dhow cruising with the water is deepth enough for
swimming, whatever the state of the tides.
Tourist are adviced to visit Nungwi as it has unspoiled
reefs making the nesting of different species of fish. Also the
place has number of good hotels located in costal area.
The Anglican Cathedral: It's the
first Cathedral in East Africa been built in 1870s by the Universities
Mission to Central Africa. To date the service are still held on
each Sunday. Along the same place one can visit the slave chambers
where the slaves were kept before shipped to the Arab and Europe.