We Brothers and Sisters at
Kushiland have the great honor and pleasure to invite you to Tanzania,
the most outstanding nation in Afrika, the Land of Kilimanjaro and
Zanzibar. This Page tries to answer frequently asked questions for
tourists and visitors to Tanzania. There are, however, always questions
that remain unanswered, therefore don't hesitate to email us and
we would be delighted to answer them for you, for it is the purpose
of our existence.
GENERAL INFORMATION: The United
Republic of Tanzania was born on 26 April 1964 out of the Act of
Union between Tanganyika (former territory with British trusteeship
under UN mandate) with Zanzibar, Pemba and other islands in the
Indian Ocean (former British colony). Its extraordinary natural
resources make it be one of the last sanctuaries of this continent
and its ancient and modern history makes Tanzania to be one of the
most outstanding African nations. Some of the World and Africa's
most famous symbols are situated within its vast territory: Mount
Kilimanjaro the Roof of Afrika, the World's wonder of Ngorongoro
Crater, the evidence of the origin of Mankind in Oldupai Gorge,
a number of Game Reserves and National Park, and the African Great
GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION: The United
Republic of Tanzania is located in the Eastern African Continent
between longitude 290 and 410 East: Latitude 10 and 120 South: Most
Northerly point: Bukoba 10 South latitude; Most Southerly point:
Mtalika 120 South Latitude; Most Westerly point Kigoma 290 East
of Greenwich and Most Easterly point: Mtwara 410 East of Greenwich.
It borders on the Indian Ocean to the east, and
has land borders with eight countries: Anti-clockwise from the north,
Kenya 796 km, Uganda 396 km, Rwanda 217 km, Burundi 451 km, the
Democratic Republic of Congo (across Lake Tanganyika) 478 km, Zambia
338 km, Malawi 475 km and Mozambique 750 km, making a total of 3900
km. The country includes Zanzibar (Consist of the Main Island Unguja
TIME: Local time is GMT + 3
CLIMATE: The climate along the
coast is tropical with an average temperature of 26.70 c and rainfall
varying from 1016 to 1930 mm annually. The coolest months are July
and August (around 250 c), the hottest and wettest months are February
and March until the period of the rains (320c). The huge inland
plateau has a drier climate with rainfall from 508-762 mm annually.
In the south-west higher areas have a semi-temperate climate with
more rainfall. During the coldest months of the year, the temperature
in the mountain areas can sometimes drop to close to zero just before
sunrise. The Islands enjoy a special climate with sea breezes tempering
the heat all year round.
The rainy seasons vary from area to area, with
considerable variations in the periods in which they occur. There
maybe considerable fluctuations in rainfall from one year to the
next. We can very approximately refer to a period of maximum rainfall
from March to May and a period of lighter rains around November.
It should be mentioned that in many areas it rains for only a few
hours a day.
SOCIETY: Most of the people are
of Bantu origin representing 95%, with some 120 ethnic groups on
the mainland, none of which exceeds 10% of the population, others
are of Asian, Arab and Afro-Arab and European. The biggest African
group is the Sukuma: others include Maasai, Haya, Gogo, Nyamwezi
and Chagga. There are people of mix blood in the coastal area known
as Swahilis as well as Asian, Arabs and expatriate minorities. In
general, it goes without saying Tanzanians are the most hospitable,
respectful, polite and friendly people in East and Central Africa
if not in the whole World. The word “Ndugu” which means
“Blood Relative” Preserve our value of dignity. It is
preferable to use your Right Hand in Shaking Hands, Giving and Receiving.
CULTURE: Tanzania is a country
rich in culture; a blend of African, Arabian, Indian and European
influences. Tanzanians are very generous and hospitable yet conservative.
They are very welcoming but want people to treat their culture with
respect. In the offshore islands of Zanzibar and Pemba people are
very conservative; therefore, wear clothes that cover your body.
Sun bathing at beaches should be traded with care. Respect the Holly
months of Ramadan if you happen to be in the Islands. Do not eat
in public during fasting periods. It is advisable to enquire for
the code of conduct before getting to Zanzibar.
LANGUAGE: Swahili, which is spoken
throughout the country, is the official and national language. It
is an advantageous for the visitors visiting Tanzania to come with
some few Swahili Greetings and appreciation words like “Jambo”,
“Habari Gani?” “Ahsante” and go home with
more than what you come with. English is the second official language,
the country's commercial language, and the teaching language mainly
spoken in the major cities and to a lesser extent in the rural areas.
To a lesser extent, Arabic is spoken in the coastal area especially
in Zanzibar and Pemba. Tanzanians are Proud to their Tribal languages
and are widely spoken as well.
RELIGION: Tanzania is among the
fewest country in the World where the religious freedom and harmony
are prevalent, people with different religious background lives
together in Harmony and inter religious marriage are also common.
Main religions are Christianity and Islam, minority are Buddhism,
Hinduism and traditional religions.
HOW TO GET TO TANZANIA: There
are many flights from Europe to Dar es Salaam and Kilimanjaro International
Airports and to Zanzibar Airport. You can also get to Tanzania through
the border of the neighboring countries.
ENTY REQUIREMENT: A valid Visa
and Passport are required for all except for the citizen for the
Commonwealth, Scandinavia countries and the Republic of Ireland.
You can obtain your Visa from Tanzania Diplomatic Mission before
leaving your country or at the Tanzania International Airport and
at Country entry borders.
BORDER CROSSING PROCEDURES: Personal
effects including binoculars, camera and film, and mountaineering
gear may be imported temporarily duty free. A customs bond may be
demanded of visitors bringing in video/filming equipment, radios,
tape recorders and musical instruments to ensure the goods are re-exported.
Firearms require special permit.
A duty free allowance is effected on one litre
of liquor; 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 250 g of tobacco; and 250
ml of perfume. Additional items are subject to customs duty.
AIRPORT TAX: A USD 20 departure
tax in cash is payable by all passengers departing on international
flights. Departure from Zanzibar into a destination within Tanzania,
the tax is TSHS. 200. An additional 10 per cent of the ticket value
will be paid as sales tax on all tickets issued in Zanzibar.
FINANCIAL MATTERS: The National
currency is Tanzania Shilling (Tsh.), which is divided into 100
cents, with notes available of 10,000; 5,000; 2000; 1,000; and 500.
Foreign currency may be changed at authorized banks, forex bureau
and designated hotels, preferably US Dollars. Top tourist hotels,
lodge and tour operators around the country accept credit cards
(Access, MasterCard, Visa, American Express, Euro card and Dinners).
Sometimes exorbitant surcharge of 5-10% is levied on a transaction.
Banks and forex bureaux are available at the airport and in all
main towns. Banking hours: Monday – Friday 0830 hrs -16000
hrs and Saturdays 0830 hrs – 1300 hrs.
There is no limit to the amount of money that you
could bring in to the country.
ELECTRICITY: Electrical supply
for domestic use is generally 230 volts AC, 50 Hz. All installations
are British standard and all appliances should be fitted with pin
plugs of British specification. You can obtain other plug pins at
the departmental stores in the country. (Please check without).
HEALTH: An evidence of a valid
Yellow fever vaccination certificate is mandatory at the port of
entry and compulsory in Zanzibar. It is advisable to take anti-malaria
tablets before entering in to the country. It is advisable to contact
your physician for your health and nearest Tanzania Diplomatic Mission
requirements and regulation for they are subjected to change at