is the site of the Uhuru Torch monument commemorating freedom from
colonial rule, and the Jamhuri fountain marking the occasion when
Tanganyika became a Republic. Dar es Salaam was a simple fishing
village in the midst of 19th Century, among other small villages
along the East African coast.
During that time Sultan Sayyid Majid of Zanzibar
developed the inland harbor into a port and trading centre and named
that place, DARUSSALAAM meaning “Haven of Peace”. Before
development of the harbor gathered momentum, the Sultan died and
the progress made, resided almost to Zero and overshadowed by Bagamoyo,
and important dhow port to the north.
By 1880's Dar es Salaam started gathering new significance
as a station for Christian missionaries arriving from Zanzibar and
as new station for German colonial government, which thought Dar
es Salaam's protected harbor as a better alternative for steamships
than dhow port in Bagamoyo. Eventually the German colonial administration
was officially moved from Bagamoyo to Dar es Salaam in 1891.
Suki Shah's St. Peter's Catholic Church (1962)
was one of the most striking in its modernity, the University of
Dar es Salaam, with its array of imaginative architecture, opened
in 1964 and the Kilimanjaro Hotel (1965) now the Kilimanjaro Kempinski
was built by the Israelis.
Thereafter Dar es Salaam has remained Tanzania's
undoubtedly political and economic capital despite the fact that
the legislature and some government offices were transferred to
the country's capital city of Dodoma in 1973. Village Museum can
be found at the junction of Bagamoyo Road and Makaburini Street
about 10 km northwest of the Dar es Salaam city centre. It houses
a collection of authentically constructed dwellings from various
parts of Tanzania each with adequate explanation in English.
Traditional music and dance performances are also
held here. The Azania Front Lutheran Church is an important building
to visit located near the Indian Ocean and the old post office was
built on turn of 20th century but the German Missionaries and used
National Museum is along Shaban Robert Street,
next to the Botanical Gardens between Samora Avenue and Sokoine
drive. It is a home of important archaeological pieces, noticeably
the fossil discoveries of “Zinjanthropus” from Oldupai
Gorge and a number of scattered displays on various topics such
as the Shiraz civilization of Kilwa, the Zanzibar slave trade and
the German and British colonial periods.